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Mahmud of Ghazna

(969—1030)


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(d. 1030)

Ruler of Turkic origin who founded the independent Ghaznavid state in present-day Afghanistan and northeast Iran in 999. His raids into northern India laid the foundation for lasting Muslim rule there. In later Sufi traditions he became a symbol of devoted love because of his attachment to his young male slave Ayaz.

Subjects: Islam.


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