Lutheran theologian. He studied under M. Luther and P. Melanchthon at Wittenberg and from 1537 spent most of his life there. He was involved in producing the Wittenberg edition of Luther's works. He is famous chiefly as the protagonist of the ‘Majoristic Controversy’. In 1552 he asserted that good works were necessary for salvation. N. von Amsdorf and other Gnesio-Lutherans denounced this statement as incompatible with the doctrine of justification by faith alone. Major then qualified his views, claiming that good works were only a token of justification.
Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Christianity.