1 (Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier). Ten. The Marschallin's major-domo, called Struhan. Created (1911) by Anton Erl; Ten. Herr von Faninal's major-domo. Created (1911) by Fritz Soot (who was also the Italian Singer).
2 (Strauss: Capriccio). Bass. He directs the servants to clear up after the guests and brings a message from the poet Olivier to the Countess. Created (1942) by Georg Wieter.
3 (Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos). Spoken. The head of the household of one of the richest men in Vienna. He has to announce to the two assembled companies that his master wishes them to perform their diverse entertainments simultaneously in order to begin the firework display exactly on time. This role, being spoken, is often taken by a famous actor, who enjoys the novelty of taking part in an opera. This is not possible in Der Rosenkavalier or in Capriccio, for in both these operas the major-domos have to sing. Created (1916) by Anton Stoll.
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