rule of the major-generals

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Instrument of Government

Penruddock's rising

Oliver Cromwell (1599—1658) lord protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland


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The division of England into twelve military districts, each under the direct rule of a major‐general, was in part a consequence of the breakdown of the Instrument of Government, in part Cromwell's response to Penruddock's rising in March 1655. The emergency measure was deeply resented by many of the local gentry, the natural rulers of the shires, and the major‐generals were bitterly attacked as men of low birth.

Subjects: British History.

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