Japanese architect. Like many of his generation, he experimented with aspects of Western Modernism. He was associated with the start of Metabolism in 1960. The National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto (1978–86), was typical of his work during the 1960s and 1970s, with its powerful sculptural forms and formal language, clearly influenced by American architects, notably Sert. Japanese conceptual ideas played an increasing role in his work, such as the intersection of two different grid-systems to express incompleteness, found in the Toyota Memorial Museum, Kuragaike, Toyota (1974). Later works include the Center for the Arts, Yerba Buena Gardens, San Francisco, CA (1991–3), YKK Research Centre, Sumida-ku, Tokyo (1993), the Kinishima Concert Hall, Aira, Kagoshima (1993–4), the Isar Büro Park, Munich, Germany (1993–5), and the Shonan Fujisawa Campus, Keio University (1994).
Kalman (1994);Jodidio (1997a);Kurokawa (1977);Maki (1972, 1996, 1997, 2001);Salat et al. (1989);Space Design, cclvi (1986), whole issue