Acquiring a particular body weight in order to compete in a specific weight category. To make weight in sports such as horse racing, boxing, and wrestling, competitors often try to lose weight very quickly by using a combination of methods: restricting food intake, depriving themselves of fluid, increasing their physical activity, and by thermal dehydration. In so doing, the athletes maybe compromising their health. Weight losses (or gains) should be gradual, no more than 1–2 lb (0.5–1 kg) per week. This can usually be achieved by reducing calorie intake by about 200 to 500 Cal day−1. More rapid weight losses can lead to loss of fat-free mass and eating disorders.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.