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Gabriel Mälesskircher

(c. 1430—1495)


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(b c. 1430; d Munich, 1495). German painter. His work, still distinctive despite considerable losses, forms an important branch of the little-researched Munich school of painting of the later 15th century. He probably trained in the Netherlands. In 1455 the ‘jung maister Gabriel’ was paid for miniatures in the Munich Rechtsbuch (Munich, Stadtarchv): research has shown this painter to be Mälesskircher. His most important commission, however, came from his brother-in-law Abbot Konrad Ayrinschmalz (reg 1461–92). This consisted of 13 apparently similar large retables and 2 smaller ones for the newly built nave (1471–6) of the church of the Benedictine monastery of St Quirin at Tegernsee. Archives give names of the patrons of the altars for whom Mälesskircher created the panels, and their years of execution. It can be inferred from the surviving fragments (e.g. Munich, Bayer. Nmus.; Schweinfurt, Samml. Schäfer) that the original works were winged altarpieces. The altarpieces were painted for the altars of the Virgin (1473); St Quirinus (1474); St Benedict (1475); St Vitus and the Martyr Saints (1476); Virgin Saints (1476); SS John and Paul (1476); All Souls (1477); Four Doctors of the Church (1477); St Sebastian (1478); St Martin (1478); Four Evangelists (1478); the Three Kings (1478); and the Holy Spirit (1478). The two small panels, which may not have been winged altarpieces, were for the Poor Souls altar and the St Henry altar.

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From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.



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