A false statement, made maliciously, that causes damage to another. The oldest forms of this tort are slander of title and slander of goods, but other false and malicious statements (e.g. that a businessman has ceased to trade) can also give rise to an action in tort. Usually actual damage must be proved. Malicious falsehood can overlap with defamation, but mainly protects property and business interests. More recently this tort has been extended to protect individual economic interests. Cases: Joyce v Sengupta  WLR 337 (CA); Kaye v Robertson  FSR 62 (CA).