(b. 1 Jul. 1950).
Prime Minister of Iraq, 2005– Born in Hindija as a Shi'ite, he joined the opposition against Saddam Hussein and escaped the death sentence by fleeing into exile in Syria. Al‐Maliki continued to be active in encouraging opposition to Hussein, and in 2003 he returned as deputy leader of the Dawa party. Since the Dawa party had emerged as the strongest party in the 2005 elections, he became Prime Minster since the party leader, al-Djafaari, proved unacceptable to the Kurdish and Sunni parties. Al-Maliki proved to be hostile to reconciliation with Saddam Hussein and his supporters, and promoted Hussein's speedy execution after his death sentence had been confirmed by the Supreme Court. He was critical of the US at times, but continued to be entirely reliant on its army for his ability to govern.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).