School of law attributed to Malik ibn Anas al-Asbahi in the eighth century in the Arabian Peninsula. Originally referred to as the School of Hejaz or the School of Medina. Predominant in North Africa and significantly present in Upper Egypt, Sudan, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, and Kuwait. Characterized by strong emphasis on hadith; many doctrines are attributed to early Muslims such as Muhammad's wives, relatives, and Companions. A distinguishing feature of the Maliki school is its reliance on the practice of the Companions in Medina as a source of law. Additionally, Malik was known to have used ray (personal opinion) and qiyas (analogy).