Marcello Malpighi

(1628—1694) Italian microscopist

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An Italian physiologist who is credited with having been the first person to study the structure of plants and animals by means of a microscope. He was the first person to observe directly the blood coursing through vessels on the surface of the lung, and he described the structure of secreting glands (see Malpighian tubules). He also attempted to study the fine structure of the brain.

Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences.

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