Mal'ta, Siberia, Russia

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Upper Palaeolithic open‐air site on the Belaya River, near Lake Baikal in south‐central Siberia, excavated by M. M. Gerasimonov, G. P. Sosnovsij, and others between 1928–37 and 1956–8. The Upper Palaeolithic level is dated to the beginning of the last glacial maximum around 24 000 years ago. There are traces of a dwelling, partly constructed with limestone slabs, and the burial of a child possibly of mongoloid affinities. Associated artefacts include prismatic cores, retouched blades, end scrapers, a number of decorated objects, and human and animal figurines made of bone and ivory. A more recent, Mesolithic, horizon lay under the topsoil on the third terrace.


M. M. Gerasimov, 1964, The Palaeolithic site at Malta. Excavations of 1956–57. In H. N. Michael (ed.), The archaeology and geomorphology of northern Asia: selected works, vol. 3, Toronto: Arctic Institute of North America/University of Toronto Press

Subjects: Archaeology.

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