The island was not settled by the Romans, and little is known of its government until it came into the Norwegian sphere of influence in the ninth century. Some of its rulers were clearly Norwegian governors or sub-kings, some came from the Viking kingdom of Dublin, while others were pirates or usurpers. After the battle of Largs in 1266, the island was ceded to the kings of Scotland, but was annexed in 1333 by Edward III of England. From 1405 it belonged to the Stanley family, earls of Derby, and from 1736 to the dukes of Atholl. They sold it to the British government in 1765, and in modern times it has been ruled by a Lieutenant-governor.
Subjects: Religion — British History.