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(6th–7th century),

bishop. Possibly of Welsh origin, Malo is mainly known as an apostle of Brittany, who founded the church of Aleth (Saint-Servan), with the town now called Saint-Malo as its main centre. A primitive Life, now lost, was the basis for two more of the 9th century which survive, but are not of great value. They do, however, provide some kind of portrait of a rugged pioneer, who sang psalms in a loud voice as he travelled on horseback, who made enemies as well as friends in the districts where he preached until he was driven out. This caused his removal to Saintes until a deputation asked him to return, but his death came first. His feast was widely celebrated in England both in a number of southern monasteries and in the calendars of Sarum, York, and Hereford. It has been asserted that his cult was encouraged by bishops of Winchester because the Latin word for Gwent closely resembles that for Winchester. Whether or not this was so, relics of Malo were claimed by Bath and other churches, while geographical contacts with his town must also have been close. Feast: 15 November; translation, 11 July.

AA.SS. Iun. III (1701), 178 ff;Lives edited by F. Plaine in Bulletins et Mémoires de la Soc. archéol. du département d'Ille-et-Vilaine, xvi (1883), 167–256 and by A. de la Borderie, ibid., 267–93;F. Lot, ‘Les diverses redactions de la vie de saint-Malo’, Mélanges d'Histoire bretonne (1907), pp. 97–206;L. Duchesne, ‘La Vie de saint Malo: étude critique’, Revue celtique, xi (1890), 1–22;A. Poncelet, ‘Une source de la vie de S. Malo par Bili’, Anal. Boll., xxiv (1905), 483–6;R. Brown and D. Yerkes, ‘A sermon on the birthday of St Machutus’, Anal. Boll., lxxxix (1981), 160–4.

Subjects: Christianity.

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