Parliamentary commander during the Civil War. Manchester was sympathetic towards presbyterianism and a leading opponent of the king before the outbreak of war. He fought in the opening battle at Edgehill and was in command at Marston Moor and at the second battle of Newbury. In November 1644 Cromwell launched a fierce attack upon him, accusing him of lethargy and of hankering after compromise. He was forced to resign by the self‐denying ordinance in 1645. He survived to help bring about the restoration of Charles II, and held high court office for the rest of his life.
Subjects: British History.