Russian-born painter (and occasional sculptor) who became a French citizen in 1927. Born at Kremenchug in Ukraine, he studied in Vilna and Kiev, then went to Paris in 1913 and entered the École des Beaux-Arts. He returned to Russia in 1914 on the outbreak of war, but settled in Paris in 1921. Between 1928 and 1937 he travelled widely in Egypt, Palestine, and Syria. In 1939 he volunteered for the French army and was taken prisoner; on his release he went to the USA in 1940, returning to Paris in 1945. Mané-Katz painted still-lifes and landscapes, but he was chiefly known for his ghetto scenes and pictures of Jewish life and folklore. They are somewhat reminiscent of Chagall's treatments of similar themes, but more brilliantly coloured. Mané-Katz visited Israel annually from 1948 and died in Tel Aviv. He bequeathed the works in his studio to the city of Haifa.