French painter, born in Paris. In 1894 he became a student at the École des Beaux-Arts, where he made friends with Camoin, Marquet, and Matisse. Like them, he became one of the Fauves, exhibiting at the famous 1905 Salon d'Automne show that gave them their name. In the same year he visited St-Tropez and loved the light and the landscape so much that he was based there for the rest of his life. Throughout his career he retained the Fauvist love of bright colour, but he toned down Fauvist aggressiveness to create a stylish and exuberant art that to many people represented the acceptable face of modernism. He generally worked on a fairly small scale and was very popular with private collectors. His subjects included Riviera scenes, nudes, and still-lifes.