Abp. of Westminster. He was ordained in the C of E and in 1841 became Archdeacon of Chichester. Beginning as an Evangelical, he gradually swung round to the Tractarian side and was regarded as a leader of the Oxford Movement. The Gorham Judgement destroyed his faith in Anglicanism and in 1851 he became a RC. He was (re-)ordained priest by N. P. S. Wiseman and founded the Oblates of St Charles Borromeo, mainly to undertake mission work for the poor of London. In 1865 he succeeded Wiseman as Abp. of Westminster. At the First Vatican Council he supported the definition of Papal infallibility. In 1875 he was made a cardinal. He was prominent in social work and mediated in the London Dock Strike of 1889.