(4 July 1893, d. 2 Sept. 1969). Leader of Jamaica 1955–62
Educated at Jamaica College, his studies in Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar were interrupted by his service in World War I. He was called to the Bar in 1922, and was recognized as one of the foremost lawyers of his generation through his appointment as a KC (King's Counsel) in 1932. In Jamaica, in 1938 he founded the People's National Party (PNP). In the same year he successfully defended Bustamante on charges of sedition. After winning the 1955 elections he was Chief Minister of Jamaica (1955–9), and Premier (1959–62). Despite his enthusiastic support of the Federation of the West Indies, his decision not to become its Prime Minister despite his personal standing was a fundamental blow to its prestige. He became leader of the opposition in 1962, and in February 1969 retired in favour of his son, Michael Manley.
From A Dictionary of Contemporary World History in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).