Abu Jafar al- Mansur


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(r. 754–75)

Second Abbasid caliph. Built Baghdad as the new Abbasid capital. Established a translation bureau in Baghdad, which preceded Bayt al-Hikmah (House of Wisdom). Built a powerful state apparatus based on the army and bureaucracy. Introduced institution of hisbah, overseeing public duties and commerce.

Subjects: Islam.

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