Niklas Manuel

(c. 1484—1530)

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(b Berne, c.1484; d Berne, 28 Apr. 1530).

Swiss painter, draughtsman, designer, writer, and politician, active mainly in his native Berne. Deutsch was one of the outstanding Swiss artists of his period, but much of his energy was expended in other activities. He fought as a mercenary in Italy in 1516 and 1522 and he took an active part in the political and religious affairs of Berne, serving on the town council for many years; he was a passionate supporter of the Reformation, writing satirical poems against the pope, whom he equated with Antichrist. His paintings are related to Baldung and Grünewald in their love of the grotesque (Temptation of St Anthony, 1520, Kunstmuseum, Berne). Deutsch also made designs for woodcuts, stained glass, metalwork, and sculpture.

Subjects: Art.

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