In 1941, President Roosevelt signed an equal employment order designed to strike at racial discrimination in federal employment and forestall a march by 100,000 African Americans on the American capital which had been organized by civil rights leaders. The lesson of the potential symbolic power of a march became clear in the summer of 1963, when 250,000 people gathered in Washington to protest at the lack of equal civil rights for African Americans, listening to speeches and prayers culminating in the ‘I have a dream’ speech of Dr Martin Luther King. There have been several marches since, the biggest of which took place in 1995, under the leadership of Louis Farrakhan and the Nation of Islam. It managed to assemble possibly up to a million African–American men peacefully under the banner of a Million Man March for moral renewal and Black pride.Randolph, Asa Philip
Randolph, Asa Philip
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).