(b Kraków c. 1460; d Kraków, c. 1518). Polish goldsmith. He was born to a Kraków family of goldsmiths and was head of the goldsmiths’ guild for several terms from 1486. He worked for Elizabeth Habsburg (1438–1505), consort of King Kasimir IV (reg 1447–92), and for her sons, King John Albert (reg 1492–1501), King Sigismund I (reg 1506–48) and Cardinal Frederick Jagiellon (1468–1503). Marciniec ran a large workshop, with more than 20 pupils, and made both ecclesiastical and secular silverware and jewellery. Many of his works have been destroyed, and others are only attributed to him. The octagonal box reliquary for the head of St Stanislas (Kraków, Wawel Cathedral), commissioned from Marciniec in 1504 by the royal family and Bishop Jan Konarski (1447–1525), is covered with Late Gothic tracery, plant motifs and cameos. On its sides are eight scenes from the life of the patron saint of Poland, modelled after engravings in pattern books and exhibiting the influence of the work of Veit Stoss I. Other works by Marciniec, for example the Late Gothic chalice from Wieliczka Parish Church covered with thistle motifs, the sceptre presented by Cardinal Jagiellon to the Jagiellonian University in Kraków and the cross given by the Cardinal to Gniezno Cathedral, are attributions. Adopting Flamboyant style motifs from pattern books, Marciniec's works are characterized by restrained decoration, a sense of proportion and—especially in casts—a high technical level. His brother Stanisław Marciniec (1464–1521) and his nephew Andrzej Marciniec (fl 1522–37) also worked as goldsmiths, the latter attaining the position of the royal goldsmith; no works by them have been identified, however.
From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Renaissance Art.