Rolf de Maré


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(b Stockholm, 9 May 1888; d Barcelona, 28 Apr. 1964)

Swedish art patron, impresario, and founder of the Ballets Suédois in Paris. Although the Ballets Suédois was short-lived as a company, surviving only five years, de Maré made it an international showcase for new choreography, design, and music. Emulating Diaghilev, he encouraged collaborations with avant-garde artists, including Jean Cocteau, Bonnard, de Chirico, Léger, and the composers of Les Six. The repertoire (all of it choreographed by Jean Börlin) reflected contemporary trends in art (such as Dadaism and Surrealism) and also reflected de Maré's own interest in primitive art (he had a notable collection). When the Ballets Suédois was disbanded in 1925, he turned his attention to other projects, including the establishment of Les Archives Internationales de la Danse with Pierre Tugal in Paris in 1931. He was also responsible for organizing several choreographic competitions. In 1950, when the archive was closed, de Maré's large collection of books, magazines, and souvenir programmes chronicling dance history was divided up between the museum of the Paris Opera and the Stockholm Dance Museum.

Subjects: Dance.

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