German architect, he became Regierungsbaumeister (Official or Government Architect) in Berlin from 1878, and was responsible for several Government buildings, theatres, and private houses (he also built up a prosperous practice). The Municipal Theatre, Worms (1889–90), had hefty structural forms, and the Neue Friedrichstrasse Store, Berlin (1895), with its three-storey bays of iron and glass, anticipated work by Gropius. His private houses usually had steep roofs, projecting bays, and a plan grouped around a double-height hall: the best examples were the Landhaus Vörster, Cologne (1891–4—where English influences were pronounced), Landhaus Holtz, Eisenach (1892–4), and Twin House, Villenkolonie, Grünewald, Berlin (1892–4). He also designed the Schillertheater, Charlottenburg (c.1895), and the Siemens Residence, Potsdam (c.1900).
S. Muthesius (1974);Placzek (ed.) (1982);Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung, xxxiii (1913), 199–200