(b. 7 June 1929, d. 1 Nov. 1997).
French Communist leader 1972–95 A member of the French Communist Party since 1947, he became a member of the party leadership in 1959. From 1961 to 1970, he was responsible for party organization, and between 1970 and 1972 he served as deputy general secretary of the party. Marchais steered the party towards Euro-communism. He advocated a unity bloc on the left between the Communists and the Socialist Party, but became disillusioned by its lack of influence in the Mauroy government. Marchais was unable to halt the party's decline, and was succeeded by Robert Hue.
Subjects: Politics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).