(b Troyes, 20 March 1882; d Troyes, 8 Feb 1960). French glassmaker and painter. He developed an enthusiasm for glass after visiting a glass factory at Bar-sur-Seine in 1911. At first he designed wares and enamelled plain glass with graceful figures and floral designs combined with such decorative motifs as rosettes and palmettes. He considered himself an opponent of the Art Nouveau style and was closely associated with the international trend toward an austere, decorative style. From 1920 Marinot began to create blown glass, a technique in which he became supremely successful. In 20 years he produced over 2000 pieces (e.g. bottle and stopper, c. 1925; London, V&A). The variety of his work is extraordinary: his first pieces were transparent, while later coloured vases were created by sandwiching a layer of opaque, coloured glass between sheets of clear, colourless glass. Some items were decorated further with cut, engraved and acid-etched geometric designs, while others contained trapped air bubbles or swirls of colour. Each object was therefore unique, and, although most were functional (jugs, vases and bowls), they were often abstract in form. In 1937 the Bar-sur-Seine Glassworks was destroyed by fire, and due to ill-health Marinot was forced to abandon his work in glass and thereafter devoted himself to painting and drawing.
From The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.