(b Zittau, 1795; d Hanover, 1861).
Ger. composer and conductor. Went to Vienna 1817 and met Beethoven. Success of his opera Heinrich IV und d'Aubigné, prod. by Weber at Dresden 1820, led to his appointment there as co‐cond. with Weber. Appointed mus. dir. 1824, resigning on Weber's death 1826. Kapellmeister, Leipzig, 1827–30, where his Der Vampyr (1828) was successful. In Dec. 1829 Der Templer und die Jüdin, based on Scott's Ivanhoe, was prod. Court Kapellmeister, Hanover, 1831–59. Most famous opera, Hans Heiling, prod. Berlin 1833. 8 other operas followed, none successful. Wrote incidental mus. to Kleist's Prinz von Homburg, also 7 pf. sonatas, pf. trios, songs, etc. Occupies place between Weber and Wagner in history of Romantic opera.