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A silenus or satyr. He invented the aulos (‘double‐oboe’) or found it, cast aside by Athena because playing it distorted her face, and challenged Apollo on his kithara (‘lyre’) to a competition. He lost and, suspended from a tree, was flayed alive by Apollo. The moment when Marsyas spots the abandoned aulos was captured in a much‐copied bronze statue‐group by Myron, and Zeuxis painted a ‘Marsyas Bound’. Vases from the later 5th cent. on depict the contest and the punishment.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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