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A Caribbean island under French sovereignty since 1635. In 1946, it became a French Overseas Department. In 1974 it was granted regional status, and in 1983 it received greater autonomy over its local police and taxation. An integral part of France, it was represented in Paris by four Deputies in the National Assembly, and two Senators. Support for its independence remained slight, as French transfer payments and economic links were chiefly responsible for the island's relative prosperity. As part of France it is part of the European Union, with the euro as legal tender.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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