Martinus ‘opifex’

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(fl 1440; d Regensburg, ?1456). Illuminator, active in Germany. Most scholars, except Ziegler (1988), place at the beginning of his career his contribution, dated 1440, to a manuscript (before 1440–66; 295×210 mm; Munich, Bayer. Staatsbib., Cgm. 3974) executed at various workshops. A manuscript with the text of Thomas von Cantimpré's De natura rerum and extracts from Ibn Butlan's Tacuinum sanitatis (c. 1445; 455×325 mm; Granada, Bib. U., MS. C.67) also belongs to this early phase. From 1446 to 1449 Martinus is known to have been active at the court of Frederick III in Vienna. To this period belong a Golden Legend (1446–7; 540×360 mm; Vienna, Österreich. Nbib., Cod. 326) and a Breviary (1447–8; 530×365 mm; Vienna, Österreich. Nbib., Cod. 1767), which were both executed for Frederick III in collaboration with three other court illuminators and their workshops. In early 1451 Martinus ‘opifex’ is attested in Regensburg.


From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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