The feast of the protomartyrs of the Roman Church commemorates those who died in the persecution of Nero in the late 1st century. Peter and Paul suffered in this persecution; appropriately this feast has been held since 1969 on the day following theirs, viz. 30 June. It compensates in some degree for the several names of Roman martyrs no longer (i.e. since 1969) culted universally by the Roman Church.