(1855–1898), international Socialist, translator, feminist, and critic. Nicknamed Tussy, she was the youngest daughter of Karl Marx. She traveled widely, in Europe and America, disseminating her father's work, but spent most of her life in England. In her short lifespan she undertook journalism, translations (hers was the first English translation of Gustave Flaubert᾽'s Madame Bovary, in 1886), histories of Socialism, theatrical reviews, and reports to German, Russian, and British newspapers, as well as editions of her father's work. She worked tirelessly to spread the doctrine of international solidarity, and taught some of the early working-class Socialists to read and write. She was a gifted orator: when she spoke from platforms in Hyde Park or at workers’ rallies in the East End of London, she made an striking impression on her audiences, with her intense dark eyes, her wild black hair, and her theatrical manner.
From The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History in Oxford Reference.