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masonry


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1 Art, craft, and practice of building with natural or artificial stone, involving its quarrying, cutting, dressing, jointing, and laying.

2 Work produced by a mason, such as an ashlar wall, stone dressings, and the like. Types of masonry include:ashlar:stone cut and dressed to accurate shapes with right-angled corners, laid in true courses with mortar on flat beds, and with fine joints, carefully bonded;cyclopean:1. any polygonal masonry, but especially masonry of large irregularly shaped stones; 2. rusticated masonry dressed to appear it is naturally rough rock-faced work straight from the quarry;rubble:stonework of undressed or roughly dressed stones including coursed rubble (stones laid in courses, so requiring some preparation to ensure that joints are horizontal and stones properly bedded), dry-stone (rough stones laid without mortar), random rubble (very rough stones, uncoursed), and squared rubble (stones cut roughly to have verticals at right angles to the horizontals);rusticated:masonry laid with joints exaggerated by chamfering, etc., the surface projecting beyond the joints. See rustication.

ashlar:stone cut and dressed to accurate shapes with right-angled corners, laid in true courses with mortar on flat beds, and with fine joints, carefully bonded;

cyclopean:1. any polygonal masonry, but especially masonry of large irregularly shaped stones; 2. rusticated masonry dressed to appear it is naturally rough rock-faced work straight from the quarry;

rubble:stonework of undressed or roughly dressed stones including coursed rubble (stones laid in courses, so requiring some preparation to ensure that joints are horizontal and stones properly bedded), dry-stone (rough stones laid without mortar), random rubble (very rough stones, uncoursed), and squared rubble (stones cut roughly to have verticals at right angles to the horizontals);

rusticated:masonry laid with joints exaggerated by chamfering, etc., the surface projecting beyond the joints. See rustication.

3 Brickwork or any load-bearing structure such as blockwork, but the term is not recommended in this sense.

4 With a capital M (see freemason (4).

Subjects: Art — Architecture.


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