Italian actor, who played leading roles in a great variety of Italian films but is particularly associated with the work of Fellini.
Mastroianni worked as a draughtsman and clerk before becoming an actor. As an amateur he appeared with a theatrical group at the University of Rome and made his professional debut in films in an adaptation of Victor Hugo's Les Misérables – I miserabili (1947). His theatrical debut came the following year, after which he appeared in a number of plays, including Death of a Salesman, A Streetcar Named Desire, and in various Shakespearean roles. He subsequently achieved international recognition in such films as Luchino Visconti's Le notti bianche (1957; White Nights) and, particularly, Federico Fellini's La dolce vita (1960). Other notable films include Il bell' Antonio (1960), La notte (1961), Divorce Italian Style (1961), for which he won a British Film Award, Fellini's 8½ (1963), and Leo the Last (1969). Successful, too, were Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow (1963), for which he received his second British Film Award, and Marriage Italian Style (1964), in both of which he played opposite Sophia Loren. His attempts to become an international star in the later 1960s were hampered by his inability to learn English. Subsequent films included Drama of Jealousy (1970), for which he received a best actor award at Cannes, What? (1972), A Special Day (1977), Blood Feud (1981), Fellini's Ginger and Fred (1985) and Intervista (1987), Dark Eyes (1987), which brought him an Academy Award nomination, and The Broken Flight of the Swan (1991).
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).