(b St Georgen, 1844; d Vienna, 1918).
Austrian soprano. Début Graz 1864 as soubrette, then sang in operetta in Vienna. Member, Vienna Court Opera 1869–97 (début as Sélika in L'Africaine). Created title‐role in Goldmark's Die Königen von Saba. Chosen by Wagner as Brünnhilde for first Bayreuth Ring 1876 and as Kundry in Parsifal 1882. Sang at Wagner's London concerts, 1877, and NY Met 1885. Joined W. Damrosch's Ger. opera co., NY 1894. Taught after retirement, but last sang in public in 1913 at Wagner centenary concert in Vienna.