John Cromwell Mather

(b. 1946)

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(1946– )

Americanastrophysicist and cosmologist. He was the driving force behind the Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE), coordinating both the proposal and the thousand-strong mission team, and had specific responsibility for the Far-Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer on board COBE, the instrument which showed that the cosmic microwave background radiation has a black-body spectrum. For this work he shared the 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics with G. Smoot.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

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