Johann Mattheson


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(b Hamburg, 1681; d Hamburg, 1764).

Ger. composer, singer, harpsichordist, and theorist. Entered opera ch. 1690, singing tenor roles 1697–1705 during which time he wrote 5 operas and met Handel, with whom he fought a duel after an argument during a perf. of Mattheson's opera Cleopatra in 1704. Mus. dir. Hamburg Cath. 1715–28. Comp. church cantatas. Wrote 8 operas, 24 oratorios and cantatas, 12 fl. sonatas, and much else. Also wrote important books, full of advanced views and much historical material. One of his operas was Boris Goudenow (Hamburg, 1710).

Subjects: Music.

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