graduated from Yale, was a Rhodes Scholar, and received a Ph.D. from Harvard before becoming an instructor at Yale (1927–29) and professor at Harvard (1929–50). An influential teacher, he was liberal in politics, deeply religious, and incisive in literary judgments. His books include Sarah Orne Jewett (1929); The Achievement of T.S. Eliot (1935, revised 1947); American Renaissance (1941), analyzing “art and expression in the age of Emerson and Whitman”; Henry James: The Major Phase (1944); The James Family (1947); The Notebooks of Henry James (1947), with Kenneth Murdock; From the Heart of Europe (1948); The Oxford Book of American Verse (1950); and Theodore Dreiser (1951).
Subjects: Literary Studies (20th Century onwards).