Major Sunni theologian. Presented new methodological schemes to address theological disputes. Believed that divine justice flows from the nature and essence of God without limiting God's freedom. Human beings are distinct from animals due to their intellect, moral sense, and awareness of freedom. His method of Quranic interpretation was based on the principle that the Quran cannot be tested by any other source and that problems do not lie within texts but are due to human confusion when reading them. Consequently, unclear passages are to be compared with clearer passages in order to gain understanding. Modern thinkers such as Muhammad Abduh used al-Maturidi's methods to reinterpret traditions.