Sunni theological school founded in the tenth century in Transoxiana by Abu Mansur Muhammad al-Maturidi. Closely linked to the Hanafi school of Islamic law. Combined Sufi meditational and ethical exercises for emotional and spiritual awareness with correct external ritual and social behavior and the use of reason to understand religious truths. Stressed God's omnipotence, unity, and uniqueness, as well as the primal authority of the Quran, but also allowed for human freedom of will. Opposed to a literal interpretation of the Quran and anthropomorphism. Believed in assured salvation for those who sincerely fulfill their religious obligations as described in the Quran and Sunnah.