(b. 5 July 1928).
Prime Minister of France 1981–4 Lord Mayor of Lille and Deputy in the National Assembly since 1973, he belonged to the militant wing of the Socialist Party. As the Prime Minister appointed to carry out the policies of newly elected President Mitterrand, he abolished the death penalty, state control of the media, and restrictions on local radio transmissions. More importantly, to overcome the current economic recession, Mauroy introduced an expansionist social and economic programme, with vastly increased social benefit payments and the creation of some of 140,000 new jobs. Through the law of 13 February 1982, he also nationalized a number of key industries and banks. Owing to the spiralling costs of his policies, Mauroy had to backtrack and announce his first spending cuts within months. In 1983 health service charges were raised. In a vain attempt to stop the decline of the currency and a capital flight as investors and private individuals took their funds out of France, drastic foreign exchange controls of 2,000 francs per annum were introduced. Due to his government's rising unpopularity, he was replaced by Laurent Fabius. In 1992 he became a Senator.
Subjects: Politics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).