(b Marseilles, 1848; d NY, 1923).
Fr. baritone. Début Marseilles 1867 (Guillaume Tell), Paris Opéra 1868. Sang in St Petersburg, Cairo, and Venice before appearing at La Scala 1870. London début CG 1873, singing there until 1904, particularly in Wagner. NY début 1873. Returned to Paris Opéra 1879. Went into operatic management 1883. Sang in f.p. of Hérodiade 1881, and title‐role in rev. vers. of Simon Boccanegra, 1881. Created Iago in Otello, Milan 1887, Tonio in Pagliacci, Milan 1892, and title‐role in Falstaff, Milan 1893. NY Met début 1894. Appeared as actor for short time, then settled NY as teacher 1909. Designed sets for Gounod's Mireille, NY Met 1919. Wrote 4 books on singing.