A mathematical model that proposes that peoples’ motives to achieve and their fear of failure are the primary factors determining whether they will approach or avoid an achievement situation. The model proposes that: need to achieve = motive to achieve success − motive to avoid failure. That is, if the motivation to achieve success is stronger than the motive to avoid failure, the athlete will enter into the achievement situation, otherwise he or she may withdraw. See also extrinsic motivation.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.