US tennis player who dominated the game in the early 1980s.
McEnroe came to prominence in 1977 by reaching the semi-finals at Wimbledon in his first appearance. Subsequently his powerful serve and volley game produced an almost invincible combination. McEnroe lost his first Wimbledon singles final in 1980 to Björn Borg in a memorable five-set struggle, but the following year he beat Borg to capture the title. However, his mercurial temperament led to disputes with the tournament officials and a $10,000 fine (later revoked).
McEnroe's major singles successes include the Wimbledon title in 1981, 1983, and 1984, and the US Open championship in 1979, 1980, 1981, and 1984. He also won the WCT final in 1979, 1981, 1983, and 1989 and the Masters tournament in 1979 and 1983. Usually partnered by the US player Peter Fleming, McEnroe's doubles victories have included five Wimbledon titles (1979, 1981, 1983, 1984, and 1992), the US Open in 1979 and 1981, and the Masters six times (1978–83). In the mid-1980s, in the wake of a series of defeats, he announced his retirement from the game but returned towards the end of the decade. He finally retired from professional tennis in 1993. He married the US film actress Tatum O'Neal (1962– ) in 1986.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).