(1895–1973), Catholic archbishop of Dublin from 1940. Born in Co. Cavan and a member of the Holy Ghost order, he was earlier dean and then president of Blackrock College, and had been consulted by de Valera during the drafting of the 1937 constitution. His first concern as archbishop was to improve Catholic social services, founding the Catholic Social Welfare Bureau in 1942 and expending great energy in building up the physical fabric of his diocese. After the war he frequently acted as mediator in industrial disputes. Committed to denominational education, he founded the Dublin Institute of Catholic Sociology in 1950 and was a firm advocate of Catholic social action. He opposed Noel Browne on the Mother and Child Scheme in 1950. Deeply conservative, he found difficulty in adjusting to the reforms of the second Vatican Council, but his obedience to Rome helped him to weather the change.
From The Oxford Companion to Irish History in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: European History.