1. (language teaching) A primary focus on, or interest in, what a learner is trying to communicate rather than on the form of words used and their correctness.
2. Communication in which the primary focus is on content rather than form, message rather than medium or code, and/or referential rather than aesthetic functions.
3. Communication in which the primary focus is on likely intent rather than on literal meaning.
4. The primary communication style of informal speech in individualistic cultures.
5. Communication in which meaning is seen as actively constructed (in particular contrast to message-oriented communication): the interpretive basis of interaction models and the constructive basis of constitutive models.
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