See also cross-media ownership; deregulation; media controls; media ownership; political economy; regulation.
1. General principles formally outlined by any organization or group for its relationship to the mass media (typically focusing on the need for good publicity).
2. At government level, legal frameworks regulating the mass media as well as a vision of the role of the media more broadly within economic and cultural policy (typically including issues of national identity).
3. In public debate, a range of issues including: the ownership of media companies (media monopolies, public service broadcasting, commercial interests); technical aspects (allocating scarce radio frequencies to the military, medical, and media and telecommunications industries, and issues of convergence—including identity theft and surveillance); media content (issues of quality, taste and decency, and defamation—set against civil liberties); and issues of access (ensuring that everyone has access to the media and that minority views are represented).