A go‐between; in the OT priests fulfil a mediatorial function on behalf of the people by offering sacrifices to God, for which they were consecrated to their office (Exod. 29). On the Day of Atonement the high priest entered the Holy of Holies in the Temple, alone, and made atonement for the sins of the people during the past year. Other OT mediators included Moses in the wilderness (Exod. 32: 30–34), Joshua (Josh. 24: 14–28) and Solomon (1 Kgs. 8: 22–53). In the NT Jesus is named as a mediator. In the epistle to the Hebrews Jesus is said to be responsible for a new covenant between God and humankind (Heb. 8: 6; 9: 15; 12: 24). Christ is the high priest who eternally offers the one perfect sacrifice.
Subjects: Biblical Studies.