Procedure used to examine an individual for the presence of disease or disorder. In sport, medical screening is usually performed to establish a person's ability to undertake strenuous exercise. Usually, its prime objective is to find abnormalities likely to present a risk of sudden death or injury to the individual, or to detect any condition that would be aggravated seriously by exercise. Routine screening of athletes is not common in the UK (except for boxing), but in the USA there is an increasing demand for medical certification for many sports and recreations. Anybody aged over 35 who intends taking part in vigorous activity should have a comprehensive medical examination to identity potential risks. Most deaths in sport are associated with individuals who have identifiable risks that have not been corrected.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.